Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs)

Increasing your amount of exercise and ceasing to smoke can reduce your risk of NCDs.

What are the risk factors?

  • Aging

  • Unhealthy lifestyles
    • Diets high in sodium
    • Diets high in fat
    • Lack of exercise (inactivity)
    • High blood glucose
    • Obesity
    • Tobacco use
    • Harmful use of alcohol

16 million of all deaths are attributed to NCDs and occur before the age of 70.

​Noncommunicable diseases affect all ages and groups of people. ​


  • Tobacco accounts for around six million deaths every year (including from the effects of exposure to secondhand smoke) and is projected to increase to eight million by 2030.

  • About 3.2 million deaths annually can be attributed to insufficient physical activity.

  • More than half of the 3.3 million annual deaths  from harmful drinking are from NCDs.

  • In 2010, 1.7 million annual deaths from cardiovascular causes have been attributed to excess salt intake.

     Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Choose fruits and vegetables over unhealthy fatty foods.

What are they?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are chronic diseases not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally progress slowly. The four main types of NCDs are:

  • Cardiovascular Diseases - like heart attacks and strokes

  • Cancers

  • Chronic respiratory diseases - such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma 

  • Diabetes